Oklahoma State University


There are several different style manuals for how to prepare citations in a bibliography. Each academic discipline uses a specific style for preparing citations. This style dictates the elements and their order in a citation as well as the format of the bibliography. If you have a writing assignment, your instructor may specify which style to use. If not, there are certain style manuals commonly used in the various disciplines. Frequently used style manuals are available in the General Reference Area, 2nd Floor:

Humanities MLA [Modern Language Association] Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (Call number 808.02 M689m)
Social Sciences APA Style Manual—Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (Call number 808.02 P976)
ASA [American Sociological Association] Style Guide (Call number 808.066301 A512a)
Sciences ACS [American Chemical Society] Style Guide (Call number 808.06654 A105)
CBE [Council of Biological Editors] Style Manual (Call number 808.066574 C855c)
General Chicago Manual of Style (Call number 655.25 C532m)
Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Kate Turabian. (Call number 808.02 T929m)

Keep in mind, information from the Internet should be cited differently from print materials. Earlier editions of style manuals may not include how to cite Internet sources. Be sure the edition you use has specific directions for citing electronic online sources. If you are unsure which style manual you should use, check with your instructor about what style is appropriate for the discipline.

Citation Style Guides on the Web

Below are some links to Web sites with guidelines and examples from different style manuals. Print style manuals will provide additional information, so if you have further questions, consult those sources or ask a reference librarian for assistance.

APA – American Psychological Association

ASA – American Sociological Association

CBE – Council of Biological Editors

Chicago Manual of Style

MLA – Modern Language Association

Turabian – Kate L. Turabian from the University of Chicago

Multiple Citation Styles or General Style Guides

Citing Government and Legal Information

Citing Maps & Atlases

Bibliographic Manager Software

  • There are software packages that can help you construct citations in different styles. The OSU Library has licensed EndNote and Reference Manager for the OSU community. See www.library.okstate.edu/bibmanager/index.htm for more information and to download the software.

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